In the southern end of Burgas is the Atanasovo lake. It is a remarkable coastal area of global importance. Ornithologists observe about 320 species of birds here, 14 of which are threatened with extinction on a global scale. There are also species that have never been seen in Bulgaria before, because the lake is located on the main migration route of the birds Via Pontica. The smallest mammal in the world lives in the Atanasovsko Lake – the Etruscan marmot, which weighs only 2 grams.
The lake is connected to the Black Sea by several natural channels and is therefore salty. Salt has been mined here since 1906 and today salt production continues in the traditional way to preserve the natural environment of the reserve. Mining not only does not disturb the birds, but even the opposite – it has been found that the more salt is mined, the more birds come here. There is no other place like it that is within a big city, but at the same time is absolutely wild territory. It can be said that man and nature live in complete symbiosis in Lake Atanasovo.
Fortunately, there are already many people in Bulgaria who try to live, work, create and build according to the principles of nature. Now we will talk about permaculture.
Permaculture means literally “perpetual agriculture”. Or sometimes referred to as perpetuity. It is an applied science for shaping agricultural systems as close as possible to natural ones. In these systems, elements are viewed together in their interaction, with the products of one element being a resource for another. As it actually is in nature. Permaculture defends the idea that a society can exist indefinitely, only if it complies and lives in complete symbiosis with nature and does not destroy it.