A section of Thomas Lupo’s map from 1588 with the western coast of the Black Sea and Varna (auarna). British Library, London (British Library, London).
The map by Thomas Lupo* is on vellum (finely treated sheepskin), mounted on wood, measuring 30 x 14 inches (1 inch = 2.54 cm). It is kept in the collections of the British Library in London (British Library, London, Add. MS 10041).
The card is decorated with 2 wind roses with 8 rays (rumba). Course lines (loxodromes) are drawn in red, green and yellow ink. The distance scale is housed in a cartouche in the lower left corner of the map. There is also an author’s inscription: “Mayde by Thomas Lupo, in Shadwell, neere unto the mill”. The names of the smaller islands in the Mediterranean, Adriatic and Ionian seas are plotted in tables at the top of the map. On the western coast of the Black Sea, 3 nameless islands are drawn in red ink.
Varna (auarna). On the west coast of the Black Sea, in red ink, the following are written: groscha (Sinoe estuary), constansia (Kyustenja), gauarna (Kavarna), auarna (Varna), misenbi (Nessebar), malita (Cape Malatra).
Toponyms along the western coast of the Black Sea: zanauarda (Cape Midia), groscha (Sinoe Harbour), constantia (Kyustenja), pangalay (Mangaly), laxilusio (Cape Shabla), gauarna (Kavarna), carbona (Balchik), castriza (fortress and wharf at the residence “Evksinograd”), auarna (Varna) , aryme (Cape Oil), malita (Cape Malatra).
Thomas Lupo – Chart of the Mediterranean and Black Seas, 1588. British Library, Call Number: Add. MS 10041.
* Thomas Lupo (Thomas Lupo) was an English cartographer who worked in London (Shadwell) in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.