European Union farmers produced an estimated 160 million tonnes of raw milk in 2022, down 0.3 million tonnes year-on-year.
The trend contrasts with steady output growth since 2010, Eurostat figures show.
Most of the raw milk (149.9 million tons) was delivered to the dairies, and the rest was used directly on the farms.
Dairy products produced by European dairies in 2022 include 22.5 million tonnes of drinking milk, 7.7 million tonnes of acidified dairy products from 6 million tonnes of whole milk and 1.7 million tonnes of skimmed milk, 2.3 million tonnes of butter from 46.4 million tonnes of whole milk and 10.4 million tons of cheese from 59.2 million tons of whole milk and 16.9 million tons of skimmed milk.
Cheese and butter production uses 70% of all whole milk supplied to milk processors in the EU.
Germany is the largest producer of drinking milk after the EU countries with 19% of the total amount produced. The country is also a leader in the production of butter (20%), acidified dairy products such as yogurt (29%) and cheese (22%).
France is the second largest producer of both butter and cheese with 18% of the total.
Germany, Spain (15% of the EU total), France (13%), Italy (11%) and Poland (9%) produce two-thirds of drinking milk.
Among the other leading producers of dairy products in the EU is the Netherlands, which is the second largest producer of acidified milk products in the EU (15% of the total volume), the fourth largest producer of cheese (9%) and the fifth largest producer of butter (10%). ), while Ireland is the third largest producer of butter (13% of the EU total) and the fifth largest producer of acidified dairy products (7%).
Bulgaria, according to Eurostat data, produced 68.14 thousand tons of drinking milk, 141 thousand tons of acidified milk products, 1.34 thousand tons of butter and 97.6 thousand tons of cheese.
Our country ranks 24th in the EU for drinking milk production, 14th for yogurt production, 23rd for butter, and 14th for cheese.
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