The unification was the first act of successful national unification, an entirely Bulgarian affair, despite the opposition of the Great Powers. The old capital of Tarnovo is the place where Prince Alexander Battenberg proclaimed the Unification, and Tarnovo generals Sava Mutkurov and Stefan Stambolov played an important role for him.
The dream of unification of Bulgaria, which was torn apart by the Great Powers after the Liberation, does not die out. In Tarnovo, a “Unity” committee was created, in which Lyuben Karavelov and Stefan Stambolov are members. General Sava Mutkurov, then chief of the police in Plovdiv, was also actively involved.
“He is charged with the task of going to Shumen and informing Prince Alexander the First that the Unification is being prepared and will be realized,” said the historian from ROME Veliko Tarnovo – Emil Vrezhakov.
In front of the building of the constituent assembly in Veliko Tarnovo, the Manifesto itself was read, with which the prince announced the unification of the Principality of Bulgaria with Eastern Rumelia. The text was written by Stefan Stambolov, then the Speaker of the National Assembly, who urged the prince to take this step. The merger was announced in the square in front of the building of the Constituent Assembly.
“Prince Alexander Battenberg knows that the international situation is tense and there will be resistance from the Great Powers to this purely Bulgarian act. Stambolov simply tells him that this is a fait accompli,” the historian recalls.
Three years ago in Veliko Tarnovo, a monument to Gen. Sava Mutkurov, who has an important role in making the act of Unification happen.
“Then he is a captain and together with Dimitar Rizov they go to the prince. And then they try and convince him that now is the time to carry out the union, since at that time Turkey was torn by internal contradictions – political. And they convinced the prince that he should take this risk. He takes it and the Unification is a fact,” says the chairman of the “Gen. Sava Mutkurov” committee, Prof. Georgi Kamarashev.
Despite international opposition, with this act, the Bulgarian people show everyone that they are united and have not lost their ideals.
See more in the report of our correspondents.
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