The strange fate of previous kings named Charles

The strange fate of previous kings named Charles
The strange fate of previous kings named Charles

The new King Charles is the third British monarch to bear this name. His two predecessors have had very different fortunes, a look at which is offered by France Presse.

It has been speculated for years that Charles is likely to choose another name if and when he ascends the throne. According to the BBC, he could have chosen any of his four names – Charles, Philip, Arthur or George.

According to the Telegraph, the new king considered choosing the name George VII instead of Charles because of the colorful legacy of Charles I and Charles II.

Charles the First

The reign of Charles I was marked by a clash with Parliament and a civil war that led to a revolution: the king was executed and the monarchy abolished.

Charles of the Stuart dynasty ascended the throne in 1625 and ruled England, Scotland and Ireland. Convinced that he has power by divine right, he rules authoritarianly. His marriage to the Catholic Henrietta-Marie-Bourbon-France also earned him enemies.

Parliament constantly tried to limit his powers, leading to conflict with the monarchy and civil war in 1642.

Although defeated in 1645, Charles I refused to give in to demands for a constitutional monarchy. He was tried, convicted and executed for treason in 1649.

Before being led to the scaffold, the monarch declared his desire to wear two shirts. “The weather is so cold it’s likely to make me shiver, which some observers might attribute to fear. I won’t let that happen,” he wrote.

After saying a prayer, Charles waves off the executioner, whose identity remains a mystery, and is beheaded. Some witnesses to the execution dipped their handkerchiefs in his blood.

The monarchy was abolished and England became a republic led by Oliver Cromwell.

The future Charles II fought alongside his father in the Civil War, but fled England when defeat seemed inevitable. In 1649 he settled in The Hague.

Charles the Second

Although the monarchy in England was abolished after the execution of Charles I, in January 1651 his son was proclaimed King of Scotland. Fearing an invasion by English republican forces, Charles and his supporters invaded England. The attack ended in defeat at the Battle of Worcester.

Charles managed to escape capture and went into hiding for six weeks before escaping to France.

Cromwell’s death in 1658 led to a crisis and Charles was called upon to return and take the throne in 1660 – this was the Stuart Restoration.

It is certainly not only English subjects who are intrigued to learn what the will of Queen Elizabeth II is. This would be rare in…

The monarch, who is depicted in portraits with voluminous black curls and a moustache, became popular among his subjects.

Historian Antonia Fraser writes of this profligate king, known for his many lovers, that he was “witty and amiable, grateful, generous, tolerant and generally likable”.

Colonization and trade in India, the East Indies and America developed during his reign. It faced two profound crises: the Black Death in 1665 and the Great Fire of London a year later.

Charles II suffered a stroke on 2 February 1685 and died at the age of 54 four days later, despite or as a result of the treatment he underwent: bloodletting, purging and cupping.

He was buried in Westminster Abbey on 14 February and was succeeded by his brother, who became King James II of England and Ireland and James VII of Scotland.

The article is in bulgaria

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